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Literature Review

Vol. 2 No. 1 (2024)

La Caja De Arena En El Tratamiento Del Trauma Con Niños/As Y Adolescentes: Una Revisión Sistemática

February 19, 2024


Experimentar un acontecimiento traumático durante una etapa de desarrollo como la infancia y la adolescencia se relaciona con un mayor riesgo de problemas de salud física y mental durante el resto de la vida. Dada la alta prevalencia de experiencias traumáticas en la infancia, es necesario contar con técnicas como la caja de arena, que permitan trabajar el trauma de una manera adaptada a estos/as niños/as. El objetivo de esta revisión es recopilar la evidencia existente sobre la eficacia de Sandplay Therapy (ST) en el tratamiento del trauma con niños/as y adolescentes. Los resultados muestran un efecto significativo de ST en síntomas post- traumáticos, internalizantes y externalizantes, así como en la adherencia de adolescentes a la terapia y en el bienestar de menores que han sufrido traumatización colectiva (desastres naturales, atentados etc.). Aunque los estudios de esta revisión muestran evidencia esperanzadora, hay una carencia de estudios y es necesario someter la ST a más investigaciones, con diferentes poblaciones y contextos. De esta manera, se confirmará el beneficio que esta herramienta puede aportar al tratamiento del trauma infantil, en el campo de la psicología clínica y en el de los servicios de protección a la infancia.


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